BUILT HERITAGE - Towns and Villages - Moycullen
Moycullen is a Gaeltacht village 10 km northwest ofGalway city on the N59 road to Clifden. The 2011 population was 1,559. Moycullen is now very much a satellite town of Galway and most of the residents commute to Galway for work and school as it only has a national school with no secondary school. While Moycullen may have been an Irish-speaking Gaeltacht village in the past, many of the current residents are not natives and do not speak Irish as evidenced by the fact that the national school is not a recognised Gaelscoil.
Moycullen was a station on the Galway Clifden railway line from 1st January 1895 until its closure on 29th April 1935
The Irish name of Maigh Cuilinn means the plain (maigh) of the holly (cuilinn).
This waterway connects Ballyquirke lake to the Corrib and is comprised of more than one waterway. Kyran O’Gorman has published navigation directions on how to find it and travel on it in March 2015 and there is another detailed discussion of the various branches of this waterway here. Kyran’s account is well worth a read as it also cover navigation on the Downs Lakes (six of them) and Ross Lake.
Industries in Moycullen include Connemara Marble Visitor Centre and Croke Concrete.
Moycullen Bogs NHA is an extensive lowland blanket bog located 5 km west of Galway City in Co. Galway and is an SAC. To the west it is largely bounded by the Spiddle - Moycullen Road (some areas west and north-west of this road are, however, included), to the north and east by the Galway - Moycullen road and to the south by the Galway - Spiddle road. It has an altitude range of between 40 m and 143 m and is primarily underlain by granite bedrock. Several lakes and streams are contained in the site as well as large areas of wet and dry heath, fens and flushes and revegetating cutaway.
Tomás Bairéad was a journalist and Irish language author, born in Moycullen in 1893. He was a member of the Moycullen group of the Irish Volunteers (Óglaigh na h-Éireann) in 1916. He was also a member of the IRB and Sinn Féin, and was friendly with Liam Mellows and Proinsias Ó hEidhin. He was one of a group of Volunteers involved in the burning of the RIC Barracks in Rosmuc in 1920. He died in 1973. Most of his writing deal mostly with stories and events familiar to him from his own countryside.
All his papers are available to view on the Galway Digital Archive.
Claud Chevasse (1886-1971)
Claude Albert Chavasse was born in Oxford on the 2nd April 1885. His father was Albert Sydney Chavasse a Professor of Classics and a Fellow of University College Oxford. Claude seemed to have been interested in Irish culture from an early age. He appears to have been a perennial student having entered Oxford in 1903 but didn’t collect his degree until 1909. He was still on the university register in 1916. His sister Margureite Chavasse came to Achill to set up a Lace School in Keel. Claude decided to visit Achill and he became involved in Scoil Acla.
In 1917 he met and married Moirin Fox, a writer who later wrote the biography of Terence McSwiney, Mayor of Cork. They had one daughter called Aebhgreine.
In 1925 Chavasse was the secretary of the Knocknacarra branch of Conradh na Gaeilge in Galway, he had became a well known figure around the city because of his manner of dress. He dressed like an Irish chieften and wore a saffron kilt and cloak and during my student days, I often saw this to me eccentric character striding down Shop Street. The kilt was made by O’Maille’s and consisted of five yards of hand-woven tweed, 28 inches wide. He was an avid Irish speaker and refused to speak English. At one time while in Cork, he was fined £5 by a Macroom court for refusing to speak english to a Garda when stopped for a minor driving offence. Rather than paying the fine he instead spent two nights in jail. He was elected as the Galway representative for Sinn Fein at the Ard Feis in 1949 under the name Cluad de Ceabhasa.
He is buried in Kilcummin Cemetary, Oughterard, Galway.
Three new heritage trails have been developed in Moycullen by Cumann Staire Ruaidhrí Uí Fhlaitheartaigh
Clcik here for details.
Further information on Moycullen is availabe on the Moycullen web page of the Galway County Heritage Office.